What's the best way to address HOA covenant violations?

What's the best way to address HOA covenant violations?

One of the most unpleasant parts of being involved in an HOA board is dealing with homeowners who are in violation of the covenant. Keeping the residents and their homes in compliance is necessary to maintain the integrity of the HOA. However, the approach taken towards homes in noncompliance can mean the difference between a quickly corrected situation with an understanding resident, or a messy standoff with an angry resident who badmouths the HOA and trims their street-facing shrubs into offensive shapes.